The Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations was established in 1958 by the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate with assistance of the Inter-State Board for Anglo-Indian Education. It is registered under the Societies Registration Act.No. XXI of 1860.

The Delhi Education Act., 1973, passed by parliament, recognizes the Council as a body conducting public examinations.

The Council administors two Public Examinations The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) at the end of class X, and subsequently the Indian School Certificate (ISC) at the end of class XII. Both examinations are held in March every year.

The National admissions and accrediation agency in the UK-UCAS- has granted the ISC examination status equal to British school leaving certificates. As a result students securing grades 1, 2 and 3 in ISC subjects will be eligible for direct admission in UK Cambridge university without a need for A-levels or bridge courses. The Council is the only Indian Board that has been accorded this status.

The ICSE syllabus provides for a balanced education, testing understanding and application of concepts. The students are examined in 6 subjects for the class X examination. The subject options are exercised in class IX. English, Social Studies, and Second Language are compulsory, the remaining three subjects are offered from variety of options, such as Science, Mathematics, Economics, French, Sanskrit, Computer studies, Environmental Science, Drama, Physical Education and Art. The Subjects being offered need to be well thought out keeping future course of studies and careers in mind. Internal assessment of every student comprises of 20% of the total marks awarded in each subject.